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Oilseeds account for more than 14% of India’s crops, and constitute a key category of commercial crops in the country. India is home to a large variety of Oilseeds, such as Groundnut, Castor Seed, Sesamum, Rapeseed and Mustard, Linseed, Soyabean, Sunflower, Nigerseed and Safflower.
The oil extracted from Oilseeds form an important item of our diet. Oil also is a key ingredient in the manufacture of products such as paints, varnish, hydrogenated oil, soaps, perfumery, lubricants etc. Oil-Cake, created from the residue after the oil is extracted from the oilseeds, forms an important cattle-feed and manure.
India is one of the largest producer of oilseeds in the world, and accounts for production of 27.51 million tons of nine cultivated oil seeds during the year 2014-15 (November-October) as per data from Ministry of Agriculture on 09.05.2016. It is the second largest producer of groundnut after China and third largest producer of Rapeseed after China and Canada. India’s Seed Manufacturers exported 38317.56 tons of Edible Oils in the financial year 2014-15, valued at Rs 46040.37 lakhs.
For buyers and sellers who are new entrants to Oilseeds Trading, it would be useful to know the consumption pattern. Inhabitants of the South and West prefer Groundnut Oil, while those in the East and North use Mustard / Rapeseed Oil. Several pockets in the South have a preference for Coconut and Sesame Oil. Inhabitants of northern plains prefer Vanaspati, which is a partially hydrogenated Edible Oil mixture of oils such as soyabean, sunflower, Rice Bran and Cottonseed. According to the Department of Food & Public Distribution, Govt. of India, about 50% of domestic demand of edible oils is met through imports out of which palm oil / palmolein constitutes about 80%.
Every type of Oil Seed has its own benefits and applications in food and non-food items. Sesame Seeds are rich in essential nutrients and minerals including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous and vitamin B1. It is also referred to as Til oil and Gingely oil, and contain the highest oil compared to any other oil seed. Sesame Seeds are an important oil seed crop for Sesame Seeds Exporters. Majority of sesame is grown as a kharif crop under rainfed conditions in central and southern parts of the country including Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is also found in eastern and southern parts of the country covering states of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
Groundnut, also referred to as peanut, is a major oil seed crop in India and it plays a major role in bridging the vegetable oil deficit in the country. The raw nut has a rich nutty flavour, sweet taste, crunchy texture and a relatively longer shelf life. The crop is majorly grown in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.
India is the second largest producer of groundnuts in the world. The country’s Groundnuts Seed Suppliers exported 5,37,888.26 MT of groundnuts to the world for the worth of Rs. 4,046.05 crores during the year 2015-16.
Sunflower is now the third largest oilseed in the world. Its oil is light and supplies more Vitamin E than any other Vegetable Oil. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels. The seed after oil extraction is fairly nutritious and used as livestock feed.
India is a net importer of sunflower oil, importing around 1 million tons on average during the last four years. Sunflower Seeds Suppliers can be found in the major producing States - Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, which contribute to 83% of total production, and across Orissa, Punjab, Bihar, Haryana and Karnataka.
Mustard and rapeseed (canola) is the third largest vegetable oil traded in the world. India is the fourth largest producer of rapeseed & mustard. Rajasthan occupies the first place both in terms of cultivated area and production accounting for over 45% followed by Madhya Pradesh with 13%. Haryana and Uttar Pradesh occupy the third place, contributing for 11% of total production each. The top four states produce about 80% of total rapeseed & mustard production in the country. Mustard Seed Suppliers can be found across India, and particularly in Spot markets - Sriganganagar, Jaipur, Kota, Alwar, Charkhidadri and Delhi.
Pumpkin seeds, tiny and green, are among the few foods that increase in nutritive value as they decompose, according to studies. A quarter cup of pumpkin seeds contains nearly half of the recommended daily amount of magnesium that is essential for the body. It helps control blood pressure and prevent cardiac arrest, heart attack, and stroke.
India is the second largest grower of pumpkin in the world, after China. Pumpkin is extensively grown during rainy and summer months in all parts of India. Pumpkin Seed Manufacturers in India can be mainly found in West Bengal (West Midanpur and Bankura) and U.P. (Allahabad and Faizabad).
Featured on the Tammy Trade portal are more than 100 varieties of Oil Seeds, originating from over 25 locations across India. For your next bulk deal, as a Genuine Buyer or Verified Seller, log on to India’s fastest growing B2B portal, make a cashless payment on our secure gateway, and get set to say Done Deal!